Hair Loss

Why is my hair falling out? 5 reasons to lose

Why is my hair falling out?  5 reasons to lose

  • If your hair continues to fall out, it may be due to androgenetic alopecia or alopecia areata.
  • It may also be due to your diet not having enough protein, zinc, and iron.
  • Wearing tight hairstyles like updos can also damage your hair follicles and cause them to fall out.
  • Visit Insider’s Health Reference Library for more tips.

It can be very alarming if you start noticing more hair on your pillow or seeing bald spots in the mirror. There are many possible causes of hair loss, both serious and mild. The good news is that there are also many solutions. Here are five common causes of hair loss and how to fix them.

1. Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium, sometimes called stress removal, is a common cause of hair loss, according to Susan Bard, MDgraduate dermatologist at Long live Dermatology.

When you’re going through a period of intense emotional or physical stress, your body goes into survival mode. It shuts down non-essential functions to preserve nutrients — and hair growth is something your body deems non-essential, Bard says.

But you usually won’t lose hair until three to six months after the stressful period, because it takes time for the stressor to change the hair cycle.

This can be caused by many stressors, Bard says, such as:

  • Fever
  • Diseases
  • Thyroid or organ dysfunction
  • Transaction
  • Medication changes
  • Pregnancy or postpartum
  • Psychological stressors such as a major life change

How to fix it:

There are several ways to treat hair loss caused by telogen effluvium, Bard explains, including:

  • Hair supplements: Biotina type of B vitamin, can help improve hair growth.
  • Patience: in a few months, the problem should resolve itself.

2. Hairstyle

Wearing styles that pull on the scalp, such as tight buns or ponytails, causes traction alopecia. This happens because constantly pulling on the hair can cause hair breakage as well as inflammation and scarring.

Traction alopecia can sometimes lead to permanent hair loss by destruction of the hair follicle, Strachan explains.

How to fix it:

To avoid further damage and hair loss, try different hairstyles that are gentler on the scalp and avoid using chemicals on your hair.

3. Malnutrition

If you don’t get enough nutrients from your diet, it can lead to hair loss, says Dina Strachan, MDboard-certified dermatologist and hair loss expert at Aglow Dermatology. This is more common in people who lack


zinc

iron and protein.

Proteins in particular are crucial for hair growth. If your body lacks protein, it will favor the use of protein for more essential bodily functions rather than hair growth.

How to fix it:

Blood tests can identify any deficiencies that may explain your hair loss. If a deficiency is the root cause, you can talk to your doctor about reversing the hair loss with diet and supplements.

4. Androgenetic alopecia

This condition, also known as male or female pattern baldness, is extremely common. It is believed to affect 50 million men and 30 million women in the USA.

Androgenetic alopecia is often genetic and usually begins after puberty and before age 40, Strachan says.

How to fix it:

There are options for treating androgenic alopecia, including:

  • Over-the-counter treatments: A popular over-the-counter treatment is Rogaine, which is a topical remedy that works by stimulating your hair follicles and increasing their size and making your hair thicker.
  • Medication: Finasteride is a prescription drug that inhibits a hormone that slows hair growth. Just keep in mind that typically only men and postmenopausal women are prescribed finasteride because it can cause birth defects in women of childbearing age, Strachan says.
  • Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP): During the PRP procedure, platelets of your own blood are injected into your scalp, which facilitates tissue renewal and subsequent hair growth.
  • Surgical Hair Transplant: It involves harvesting healthy hair and replanting it in areas of hair loss.

5. Alopecia Areata

An autoimmune disease called alopecia areata causes the body to mistakenly attack hair cells, leading to hair loss, Bard explains. This condition affects approximately one in 500-1000 people in the USA. Usually there is a genetic predisposition to developing this disease, but it can also be triggered by emotional or physical trauma.

“It usually presents as discrete patches of hair loss on the scalp or beard and can progress to the whole body in very severe cases,” says Bard. The hair goes usually regrow in bald patches, but it can fall back. It depends on the individual.

How to fix it:

As soon as you notice baldness, you should see a dermatologist, Bard says. Alopecia areata must be diagnosed by a doctor, and sometimes a biopsy is needed to confirm the diagnosis. Bard says treatments include:

  • Steroid injections
  • Topical medications
  • Systemic immunomodulators (drugs that affect the immune system in a way that improves the overactivity that may be causing the problem)

Insider’s Takeaways

Figuring out why your hair is falling out in the first place is crucial to finding the right treatment that will reverse the process. Consult a dermatologist or trichologist (who focuses on the hair and scalp) when you notice excessive hair loss so you can get your beautiful hair back.